Effects of Light and Temperature on Daily Activity and Clock Gene Expression in Two Mosquito Disease Vectors

Published on 2018-05-15T12:00:00Z (GMT) by
<div><p>Most organisms feature an endogenous circadian clock capable of synchronization with their environment. The most well-known synchronizing agents are light and temperature. The circadian clock of mosquitoes, vectors of many pathogens, drives important behaviors related to vectoral capacity, including oviposition, host seeking, and hematophagy. Main clock gene expression, as well as locomotor activity patterns, has been identified in <i>Aedes aegypti</i> and <i>Culex quinquefasciatus</i> under artificial light-dark cycles. Given that these mosquito species thrive in tropical areas, it is reasonable to speculate that temperature plays an important role in the circadian clock. Here, we provide data supporting a different hierarchy of light and temperature as zeitgebers of two mosquito species. We recorded their locomotor activity and quantified mRNA expression of the main clock genes in several combinations of light and temperature cycles. We observed that <i>A. aegypti</i> is more sensitive to temperature, while <i>C. quinquefasciatus</i> is more responsive to light. These variations in clock gene expression and locomotor activity may have affected the mosquito species’ metabolism, energy expenditure, fitness cost, and pathogen transmission efficiency. Our findings are relevant to chronobiology studies and also have epidemiological implications.</p></div>

Cite this collection

Rivas, Gustavo B. S.; Teles-de-Freitas, Rayane; Pavan, Márcio G.; B. P. Lima, José; A. Peixoto, Alexandre; Vieira Bruno, Rafaela (2018): Effects of Light and Temperature on Daily Activity and Clock Gene Expression in Two Mosquito Disease Vectors. SAGE Journals. Collection.