Effect of Oil Hydrophobicity on the Adsorption and Rheology of β‑Lactoglobulin at Oil–Water Interfaces

Published on 2018-04-13T20:10:53Z (GMT) by
The adsorption of protein layers at oil–water interfaces is critical to the formation and stability of various emulsions in, for example, technical applications as well as in biological lipid storage. Effects of ionic strength, pH, temperature, and pretreatments of the proteins are well-known. However, the oil phase has been regarded as exchangeable and its role in protein adsorption has been widely ignored. Herein, the influence of systematically selected oil interfaces of high purity on the formation and properties of β-lactoglobulin (β-lg) adsorption layers was evaluated. Droplet profile tensiometry and interfacial rheometry were employed to determine the adsorption kinetics and dilatational and interfacial shear moduli. We show that depending on the molecular size, flexibility, hydrophobicity, polarity, and polarizability of the oils, globular proteins adsorb distinctively. Stronger interactions of polar oils with the hydrophilic exterior of the native β-lg lead to decelerated protein unfolding. This results in lower surface pressures and slower formation of viscoelastic networks. In addition, polar oils interact stronger with the protein network by hydrophilic bonding and thereby act as softening agents. The observed effects of hydrophobic subphases on the adsorbed protein layers provide knowledge, which promotes higher reproducibility in rheological studies and precise tailoring of interfacial films for enhanced formation and stability of emulsions.

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Bergfreund, Jotam; Bertsch, Pascal; Kuster, Simon; Fischer, Peter (2018): Effect of Oil Hydrophobicity on the Adsorption and

Rheology of β‑Lactoglobulin at Oil–Water Interfaces. ACS Publications. Collection.