Computer-assisted detection of acute pulmonary embolism at CT pulmonary angiography in children and young adults: a diagnostic performance analysis

Published on 2018-10-30T12:00:00Z (GMT) by
<div>Background<p>To diagnose pulmonary embolism (PE) in children and adults since evaluating tiny pulmonary vasculature beyond segmental level is a challenging and demanding task with thousands of images.</p>Purpose<p>To evaluate the effect of computer-assisted detection (CAD) on acute PE on CTPA in children and young adults by readers with varying experience levels.</p>Material and Methods<p>Six radiologists were retrospectively divided into three groups according to experience levels and assessed the CTPA studies on a per-emboli basis. All readers identified independently the PE presence, and ranked diagnostic confidence on a 5-point scale with and without CAD. Reading time, sensitivities, specificities, accuracies, positive predictive values (PPVs), and negative predictive values (NPVs) were calculated for each reading.</p>Results<p>The sensitivities and NPVs differed significantly in most readers (<i>P</i> = 0.004, 0.001, 0.010, 0.010, and 0.012 for sensitivities and <i>P</i> = 0.011, 0.003, 0.016, 0.017, and 0.019 for NPVs) except for reader 6 (<i>P</i> = 0.148 and 0.165, respectively), and the accuracies of all readers differed significantly (all <i>P</i> < 0.05) in peripheral PE (beyond segmental level) detection readings with CAD versus without CAD between two reading methods. The overall time using CAD was longer than those without CAD (76.6 ± 54.4 s vs. 49.4 ± 17.7 s, <i>P</i> = 0.000) for all readers. Significant differences were found for confidence scores in inter-group measurements with CAD (<i>P</i> = 0.045) and without CAD (<i>P</i> < 0.001).</p>Conclusion<p>At the expense of longer reading time, the use of the CAD algorithms improves sensitivities, NPVs, and the accuracies of readers in peripheral PE detection, especially for readers with a poor level of interpretation experience.</p></div>

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Tang, Chun Xiang; Sheng Zhou, Chang; Schoepf, Uwe Joseph; Mastrodicasa, Domenico; Duguay, Taylor; Cline, Anna; et al. (2018): Computer-assisted detection of acute pulmonary embolism at CT pulmonary angiography in children and young adults: a diagnostic performance analysis. SAGE Journals. Collection.