Fernando T. Maestre

Professor
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain
I am a terrestrial ecologist interested in understanding how dryland ecosystems function, and how they will respond to ongoing global environmental change. I use a wide variety of tools (field observations and experiments, laboratory work and modeling) and biotic communities (vascular plants, biological soil crusts and soil microorganisms) for my research, which is carried out at multiple spatial scales, from microcosm and single-site studies to global field projects with study sites located all over the world. I am interested in understanding how dryland ecosystems function, and how they will respond to ongoing global environmental change. I use a wide variety of tools and biotic communities for my research, which is carried out at multiple spatial scales.

Publications

  • Soil characteristics determine soil carbon and nitrogen availability during leaf litter decomposition regardless of litter quality DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.11.009
  • Intransitive competition is widespread in plant communities and maintains their species richness DOI: 10.1111/ele.12456
  • Functional diversity enhances the resistance of ecosystem multifunctionality to aridity in Mediterranean drylands DOI: 10.1111/nph.13268
  • Differences in thallus chemistry are related to species-specific effects of biocrust-forming lichens on soil nutrients and microbial communities DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12403
  • Biocrusts modulate warming and rainfall exclusion effects on soil respiration in a semi-arid grassland DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.09.019
  • A missing link between facilitation and plant species coexistence: Nurses benefit generally rare species more than common ones DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12447
  • Vegetation structure is as important as climate for explaining ecosystem function across patagonian rangelands DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12273
  • Vascular Plants and Biocrusts Modulate How Abiotic Factors Affect Wetting and Drying Events in Drylands DOI: 10.1007/s10021-014-9790-4
  • Simulated climate change reduced the capacity of lichen-dominated biocrusts to act as carbon sinks in two semi-arid Mediterranean ecosystems DOI: 10.1007/s10531-014-0681-y
  • Sand burial compensates for the negative effects of erosion on the dune-building shrub Artemisia wudanica DOI: 10.1007/s11104-013-1866-y
  • Plant-plant interactions, environmental gradients and plant diversity: A global synthesis of community-level studies DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2014.04.001
  • Plant species richness and shrub cover attenuate drought effects on ecosystem functioning across Patagonian rangelands DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0673
  • Plant life on gypsum: A review of its multiple facets DOI: 10.1111/brv.12092
  • Plant diversity and ecosystem multifunctionality peak at intermediate levels of woody cover in global drylands DOI: 10.1111/geb.12215
  • Moving forward on facilitation research: Response to changing environments and effects on the diversity, functioning and evolution of plant communities DOI: 10.1111/brv.12110
  • Grass-woodland transitions: Determinants and consequences for ecosystem functioning and provisioning of services DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12326
  • Functional traits determine plant co-occurrence more than environment or evolutionary relatedness in global drylands DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2014.05.001
  • Erratum: Can current moisture responses predict soil CO2 efflux under altered precipitation regimes? A synthesis of manipulation experiments (Biogeosciences (2014) 11 (2991-3013)) DOI: 10.5194/bg-11-3307-2014
  • Environmental impacts of utility-scale solar energy DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.041
  • Earthworms modify plant biomass and nitrogen capture under conditions of soil nutrient heterogeneity and elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.08.002
  • Direct and indirect impacts of climate change on microbial and biocrust communities alter the resistance of the N cycle in a semiarid grassland DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12303
  • Climate change will increase savannas at the expense of forests and treeless vegetation in tropical and subtropical Americas DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12325
  • Climate and soil attributes determine plant species turnover in global drylands DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12377
  • Changes in biocrust cover drive carbon cycle responses to climate change in drylands DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12659
  • Biological soil crusts in a changing world: Introduction to the special issue DOI: 10.1007/s10531-014-0727-1
  • Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) as a model system in community, landscape and ecosystem ecology DOI: 10.1007/s10531-014-0658-x
  • Biogeochemical indicators of elevated nitrogen deposition in semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems DOI: 10.1007/s10661-014-3822-6
  • Assessment of soil organic carbon at local scale with spiked NIR calibrations: Effects of selection and extra-weighting on the spiking subset DOI: 10.1111/ejss.12129
  • Aspects of soil lichen biodiversity and aggregation interact to influence subsurface microbial function DOI: 10.1007/s11104-014-2256-9
  • Vascular plants mediate the effects of aridity and soil properties on ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea DOI: 10.1111/1574-6941.12119
  • Uncovering multiscale effects of aridity and biotic interactions on the functional structure of Mediterranean shrublands DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12063
  • Soil heterogeneity modulates responses to multiple global environmental changes in model grassland communities EID: 2-s2.0-84895326741
  • On the Importance of Shrub Encroachment by Sprouters, Climate, Species Richness and Anthropic Factors for Ecosystem Multifunctionality in Semi-arid Mediterranean Ecosystems DOI: 10.1007/s10021-013-9683-y
  • Nitrogen deposition alters nitrogen cycling and reduces soil carbon content in low-productivity semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.03.060
  • Evaluating the performance of multiple remote sensing indices to predict the spatial variability of ecosystem structure and functioning in Patagonian steppes DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.05.007
  • Ecotechnology as a tool for restoring degraded drylands: A meta-analysis of field experiments DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.09.066
  • Diversity and Patch-Size Distributions of Biological Soil Crusts Regulate Dryland Ecosystem Multifunctionality DOI: 10.1007/s10021-013-9644-5
  • Decoupling of soil nutrient cycles as a function of aridity in global drylands DOI: 10.1038/nature12670
  • Corrigendum to García-Palacios et al. [Ecol. Lett., 16, (2013) 1045-1053] DOI: 10.1111/ele.12179
  • Community-aggregated plant traits interact with soil nutrient heterogeneity to determine ecosystem functioning DOI: 10.1007/s11104-012-1349-6
  • Climate and litter quality differently modulate the effects of soil fauna on litter decomposition across biomes DOI: 10.1111/ele.12137
  • Changes in rainfall amount and frequency do not affect the outcome of the interaction between the shrub Retama sphaerocarpa and its neighbouring grasses in two semiarid communities DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2012.12.011
  • Changes in biocrust cover drive carbon cycle responses to climate change in drylands DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12306
  • Biological soil crusts promote N accumulation in response to dew events in dryland soils DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.02.015
  • Biological soil crusts increase the resistance of soil nitrogen dynamics to changes in temperatures in a semi-arid ecosystem DOI: 10.1007/s11104-012-1404-3
  • Biological soil crusts affect small-scale spatial patterns of inorganic N in a semiarid Mediterranean grassland DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2013.01.005
  • Biocrusts control the nitrogen dynamics and microbial functional diversity of semi-arid soils in response to nutrient additions DOI: 10.1007/s11104-013-1779-9
  • Aridity Modulates N Availability in Arid and Semiarid Mediterranean Grasslands DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059807
  • Warming reduces the growth and diversity of biological soil crusts in a semi-arid environment: Implications for ecosystem structure and functioning DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0344
  • Species richness effects on ecosystem multifunctionality depend on evenness, composition and spatial pattern DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01918.x
  • Shifting species interactions in terrestrial dryland ecosystems under altered water availability and climate change DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2011.00209.x
  • Seedling establishment along post-fire succession in Mediterranean shrublands dominated by obligate seeders DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2011.12.001
  • Response to comment on "Plant species richness and ecosystem multifunctionality in global drylands" DOI: 10.1126/science.1220620
  • Positive interactions can produce species-rich communities and increase species turnover through time DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rts005
  • Plant species richness and ecosystem multifunctionality in global drylands DOI: 10.1126/science.1215442
  • Plant responses to soil heterogeneity and global environmental change DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2012.02014.x
  • Nurse plant effects on plant species richness in drylands: The role of grazing, rainfall and species specificity DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2012.09.003
  • Null model tests for niche conservatism, phylogenetic assortment and habitat filtering DOI: 10.1111/j.2041-210X.2012.00217.x
  • It is getting hotter in here: Determining and projecting the impacts of global environmental change on drylands DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0323
  • Inferring local competition intensity from patch size distributions: A test using biological soil crusts DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20192.x
  • Impact of simulated changes in rainfall regime and nutrient deposition on the relative dominance and isotopic composition of ruderal plants in anthropogenic grasslands DOI: 10.1007/s11104-011-0998-1
  • Evolutionary relationships can be more important than abiotic conditions in predicting the outcome of plant-plant interactions DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.20309.x
  • Environmental conditions and biotic interactions acting together promote phylogenetic randomness in semi-arid plant communities: New methods help to avoid misleading conclusions DOI: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2012.01410.x
  • Contingency in ecosystem but not plant community response to multiple global change factors DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04271.x
  • Assemblage of a semi-arid annual plant community: Abiotic and biotic filters act hierarchically DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041270
  • A resprouter herb reduces negative density-dependent effects among neighboring seeders after fire DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2011.08.004
  • The restoration of vegetation cover in the semi-arid Iberian southeast DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.08.003
  • Temporal dynamics of herbivory and water availability interactively modulate the outcome of a grass-shrub interaction in a semi-arid ecosystem DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.18993.x
  • Soil nutrient heterogeneity modulates ecosystem responses to changes in the identity and richness of plant functional groups DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01765.x
  • Shrub encroachment does not reduce the activity of some soil enzymes in Mediterranean semiarid grasslands DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.04.023
  • Remote sensing data predict indicators of soil functioning in semi-arid steppes, central Spain DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.02.015
  • Relationships between biological soil crusts, bacterial diversity and abundance, and ecosystem functioning: Insights from a semi-arid Mediterranean environment DOI: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2010.01236.x
  • Randomization tests for quantifying species importance to ecosystem function DOI: 10.1111/j.2041-210X.2011.00121.x
  • Positive plant interactions in the Iberian Southeast: Mechanisms, environmental gradients, and ecosystem function DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.01.016
  • Microhabitat amelioration and reduced competition among understorey plants as drivers of facilitation across environmental gradients: Towards a unifying framework DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2011.06.001
  • Impacts of shrub encroachment on ecosystem structure and functioning: Towards a global synthesis DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01630.x
  • Functional profiles reveal unique ecological roles of various biological soil crust organisms DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2011.01835.x
  • Ecosystem development in roadside grasslands: Biotic control, plant-soil interactions, and dispersal limitations DOI: 10.1890/11-0204.1
  • Ecology and functional roles of biological soil crusts in semi-arid ecosystems of Spain DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.12.008
  • Early-successional vegetation changes after roadside prairie restoration modify processes related with soil functioning by changing microbial functional diversity DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.02.014
  • Biological soil crusts: Recent advances in our knowledge of their structure and ecological function | La costra biológica del suelo: Avances recientes en el conocimiento de su estructura y función ecológica DOI: 10.4067/S0716-078X2011000100001
  • Biological Soil Crust Microsites Are the Main Contributor to Soil Respiration in a Semiarid Ecosystem DOI: 10.1007/s10021-011-9449-3
  • Weak effects of the exotic invasive Carpobrotus edulis on the structure and composition of Portuguese sand-dune communities DOI: 10.1007/s10530-009-9613-2
  • Spatio-temporal heterogeneity in abiotic factors modulate multiple ontogenetic shifts between competition and facilitation DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2010.02.003
  • Plants and biological soil crusts modulate the dominance of N forms in a semi-arid grassland DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.11.003
  • Is the patch size distribution of vegetation a suitable indicator of desertification processes? Reply DOI: 10.1890/10-0391.1
  • Interactive effects of three ecosystem engineers on infiltration in a semi-arid Mediterranean grassland DOI: 10.1007/s10021-010-9335-4
  • Effects of positive interactions, size symmetry of competition and abiotic stress on self-thinning in simulated plant populations DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcq145
  • Dominant plant species modulate responses to hydroseeding, irrigation and fertilization during the restoration of semiarid motorway slopes DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.06.005
  • Do biotic interactions modulate ecosystem functioning along stress gradients? Insights from semi-arid plant and biological soil crust communities DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0016
  • Disturbance of the biological soil crusts and performance of Stipa tenacissima in a semi-arid Mediterranean steppe DOI: 10.1007/s11104-010-0384-4
  • Competition increases with abiotic stress and regulates the diversity of biological soil crusts DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01647.x
  • Co-occurrence patterns and abiotic stress in sand-dune communities: Their relationship varies with spatial scale and the stress estimator DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2009.10.003
  • Biological soil crusts modulate nitrogen availability in semi-arid ecosystems: Insights from a Mediterranean grassland DOI: 10.1007/s11104-009-0276-7
  • Biological crusts as a model system for examining the biodiversity-ecosystem function relationship in soils DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.10.025
  • Shrub encroachment can reverse desertification in semi-arid Mediterranean grasslands DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01352.x
  • Refining the stress-gradient hypothesis for competition and facilitation in plant communities DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01476.x
  • Positive interactions can increase size inequality in plant populations DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2009.01562.x
  • On the relationship between abiotic stress and co-occurrence patterns: An assessment at the community level using soil lichen communities and multiple stress gradients DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.17362.x
  • Is the patch size distribution of vegetation a suitable indicator of desertification processes? DOI: 10.1890/08-2096.1
  • Is the cask of facilitation ready for bottling? A symposium on the connectivity and future directions of positive plant interactions DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0384
  • Indices based on surface indicators predict soil functioning in Mediterranean semi-arid steppes DOI: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2008.12.007
  • Beyond dual-lattice models: Incorporating plant strategies when modeling the interplay between facilitation and competition along environmental severity gradients DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.01.011
  • Where do seedlings go? A spatio-temporal analysis of seedling mortality in a semi-arid gypsophyte DOI: 10.1111/j.0906-7590.2008.05299.x
  • Shifts in the regeneration niche of an endangered tree (Acer opalus ssp. granatense) during ontogeny: Using an ecological concept for application DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2007.06.012
  • On the relevance of facilitation in alpine meadow communities: An experimental assessment with multiple species differing in their ecological optimum DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2007.10.002
  • On the relative importance of the effects of selection and complementarity as drivers of diversity-productivity relationships in Mediterranean shrublands DOI: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16910.x
  • More ecology is needed to restore mediterranean ecosystems: A reply to valladares and gianoli DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2008.00390.x
  • Facilitation in plant communities: The past, the present, and the future DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2007.01295.x
  • Early environments drive diversity and floristic composition in Mediterranean old fields: Insights from a long-term experiment DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2008.06.006
  • Balance between facilitation and resource competition determines biomass-density relationships in plant populations DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01228.x
  • Are soil lichen communities structured by biotic interactions? A null model analysis DOI: 10.3170/2007-8-18366
  • Soil lichens have species-specific effects on the seedling emergence of three gypsophile plant species DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.12.019
  • On the balance between niche and neutral processes as drivers of community structure along a successional gradient: Insights from alpine and sub-alpine meadow communities DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcm166
  • Individual vs. population plastic responses to elevated CO2, nutrient availability, and heterogeneity: A microcosm experiment with co-occurring species DOI: 10.1007/s11104-007-9289-2
  • Ecology: Global desertification: Building a science for dryland development DOI: 10.1126/science.1131634
  • Biomass responses to elevated CO2, soil heterogeneity and diversity: An experimental assessment with grassland assemblages DOI: 10.1007/s00442-006-0577-y
  • Amount or pattern? Grassland responses to the heterogeneity and availability of two key resources DOI: 10.1890/06-0421
  • Watering, fertilization, and slurry inoculation promote recovery of biological crust function in degraded soils DOI: 10.1007/s00248-006-9017-0
  • Understanding global desertification: Biophysical and socioeconomic dimensions of hydrology DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-4260-4_18
  • The stress-gradient hypothesis does not fit all relationships between plant-plant interactions and abiotic stress: Further insights from arid environments DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01089.x
  • The role of the perch effect on the nucleation process in Mediterranean semi-arid oldfields DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2005.12.004
  • Stipa tenacissima does not affect the foliar δ13C and δ15N of introduced shrub seedlings in a Mediterranean semi-arid steppe DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2006.00295.x
  • Spatial heterogeneity in soil nutrient supply modulates nutrient and biomass responses to multiple global change drivers in model grassland communities DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01262.x
  • Soil heterogeneity and community composition jointly influence grassland biomass DOI: 10.1658/1100-9233(2006)017[0261:SHACCJ]2.0.CO;2
  • Small-scale spatial heterogeneity in the vertical distribution of soil nutrients has limited effects on the growth and development of Prosopis glandulosa seedlings DOI: 10.1007/s11258-005-9007-1
  • Small-scale patterns of abundance of mosses and lichens forming biological soil crusts in two semi-arid gypsum environments DOI: 10.1071/BT05078
  • Nutrient availability and atmospheric CO2 partial pressure modulate the effects of nutrient heterogeneity on the size structure of populations in grassland species DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcl093
  • Linking the spatial patterns of organisms and abiotic factors to ecosystem function and management: Insights from semi-arid environments EID: 2-s2.0-33846280891
  • Facilitation and inhibition of seedlings of an invasive tree (Acer platanoides) by different tree species in a mountain ecosystem DOI: 10.1007/s10530-004-5163-9
  • Ecosystem structure, function, and restoration success: Are they related? DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2006.04.004
  • Ecosystem structure and soil-surface conditions drive the variability in the foliar δ13C and δ15N of Stipa tenacissima in semiarid Mediterranean steppes DOI: 10.1007/s11284-005-0091-4
  • Ecohydrological feedbacks and linkages associated with land degradation: A case study from Mexico DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6337
  • Are ecosystem composition, structure, and functional status related to restoration success? A test from semiarid mediterranean steppes DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2006.00128.x
  • Spatial pattern and neighbour effects on Helianthemum squamatum seedlings in a Mediterranean gypsum community EID: 2-s2.0-26444539632
  • Spatial associations and patterns of perennial vegetation ina semi-arid steppe: A multivariate geostatistics approach DOI: 10.1007/s11258-004-4641-6
  • Soil nutrient heterogeneity interacts with elevated CO2 and nutrient availability to determine species and assemblage responses in a model grassland community DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01547.x
  • Remnant shrubs in Mediterranean semi-arid steppes: Effects of shrub size, abiotic factors and species identity on understorey richness and occurrence DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2004.11.003
  • Is the change of plant-plant interactions with abiotic stress predictable? A meta-analysis of field results in arid environments DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01017.x
  • Does spatial pattern matter to ecosystem functioning? Insights from biological soil crusts DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2005.01000.x
  • Spatio-temporal dynamics of chlorophyll fluorescence in a semi-arid Mediterranean shrubland DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2003.08.009
  • Spatial analysis of semi-arid patchy vegetation by the cumulative distribution of patch boundary spacings and transition probabilities DOI: 10.1023/B:EEST.0000038015.83910.37
  • On the importance of patch attributes, environmental factors and past human impacts as determinants of perennial plant species richness and diversity in Mediterranean semiarid steppes DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2004.00057.x
  • Mechanisms underlying the interaction between Pinus halepensis and the native late-successional shrub Pistacia lentiscus in a semi-arid plantation DOI: 10.1111/j.0906-7590.2004.03990.x
  • Insights into ecosystem composition and function in a sequence of degraded semiarid steppes DOI: 10.1111/j.1061-2971.2004.03106.x
  • Do positive interactions increase with abiotic stress? A test from a semi-arid steppe EID: 2-s2.0-3242886279
  • Are Pinus halepensis plantations useful as a restoration tool in semiarid Mediterranean areas? DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2004.05.040
  • Afforestation with Pinus halepensis reduces native shrub performance in a Mediterranean semiarid area DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2003.10.001
  • Small-scale spatial variation in soil CO2 efflux in a Mediterranean semiarid steppe DOI: 10.1016/S0929-1393(03)00050-7
  • Small-scale spatial patterns of two soil lichens in semi-arid Mediterranean steppe DOI: 10.1006/lich.2002.0425
  • Small-scale spatial patterns of biological crusts in a Mediterranean semi-arid ecosystem | Variaciones en el patrón espacial a pequeña escala de los componentes de la costra biológica en un ecosistema Mediterráneo semiárido EID: 2-s2.0-0038471281
  • Small-scale Environmental Heterogeneity and Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Seedling Establishment in a Semiarid Degraded Ecosystem DOI: 10.1007/s10021-002-0222-5
  • Positive, negative, and net effects in grass-shrub interactions in Mediterranean semiarid grasslands EID: 2-s2.0-1342288415
  • Microsite differences in fungal hyphal length, glomalin, and soil aggregate stability in semiarid Mediterranean steppes DOI: 10.1016/S0038-0717(03)00185-8
  • Does Pinus halepensis facilitate the establishment of shrubs in Mediterranean semi-arid afforestations? DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00269-4
  • Spatial patterns of surface soil properties and vegetation in a Mediterranean semi-arid steppe DOI: 10.1023/A:1016172308462
  • Microsite and mycorrhizal inoculum effects on the establishment of Quercus coccifera in a semi-arid degraded steppe DOI: 10.1016/S0925-8574(02)00097-6
  • Infiltration, penetration resistance and microphytic crust composition in contrasted microsites within a Mediterranean semi-arid steppe DOI: 10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00021-4
  • Potential for using facilitation by grasses to establish shrubs on a semiarid degraded steppe EID: 2-s2.0-0035665826
  • Industrial development versus environmental conservation at local scale: A case study from southeastern Spain DOI: 10.1007/s0026702411

Fernando T.'s public data