Aeroacoustic simulation of a linear cascade by a prefactored compact scheme
thesisposted on 11.03.2013, 14:58 by Pietro Ghillani
This work documents the development of a three-dimensional high-order prefactored compact finite-difference solver for computational aeroacoustics (CAA) based on the inviscid Euler equations. This time explicit scheme is applied to representative problems of sound generation by flow interacting with solid boundaries. Four aeroacoustic problems are explored and the results validated against available reference analytical solution. Selected mesh convergence studies are conducted to determine the effective order of accuracy of the complete scheme. The first test case simulates the noise emitted by a still cylinder in an oscillating field. It provides a simple validation for the CAA-compatible solid wall condition used in the remainder of the work. The following test cases are increasingly complex versions of the turbomachinery rotor-stator interaction problem taken from NASA CAA workshops. In all the cases the results are compared against the available literature. The numerical method features some appreciable contributions to computational aeroacoustics. A reduced data exchange technique for parallel computations is implemented, which requires the exchange of just two values for each boundary node, independently of the size of the zone overlap. A modified version of the non-reflecting buffer layer by Chen is used to allow aerodynamic perturbations at the through flow boundaries. The Giles subsonic boundary conditions are extended to three-dimensional curvilinear coordinates. These advances have enabled to resolve the aerodynamic noise generation and near-field propagation on a representative cascade geometry with a time-marching scheme, with accuracy similar to spectral methods.