Symmetrical_Component_Extraction_MAA_SC_MRKR_HY_SS_IH.pdf (4.2 MB)

Modeling, Analysis, and Design for Small-Signal Stability in Sequence-Decomposed Grid-Forming Control

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posted on 2023-07-14, 15:56 authored by M A AwalM A Awal, Siye Cen, Md Rifat Kaisar RachiMd Rifat Kaisar Rachi, Hui YuHui Yu, Stefan Schröder, Iqbal Husain

Fast and accurate detection of symmetrical components is critical for ride-through of asymmetrical faults in grid-forming (GFM) inverter based resources (IBRs). Sequence-decomposed GFM control enables to emulate the behavior of a synchronous machine by an IBR in both positive- and negative-sequences, where current references are generated separately in each sequence from the extracted symmetrical components of the terminal voltage. Cross-coupled dynamics between the stationary frame components attributed by the symmetrical component extraction (SCE) complicates the analysis and design process. In this work, a small-signal model is developed for the analysis and design of such sequence-decomposed GFM control.  It is demonstrated that by virtue of its overall structure, sequence-decomposed GFM control enables simplified analysis eliminating the cross-coupled dynamics characteristic to SCE. Subsequently, comparative analysis is presented between delay based and filter based SCE methods focusing on their impact on small-signal stability. Design guidelines are provided along with supporting experimental evidence using a laboratory inverter prototype.


U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) under the Solar Energy Technologies Office Award Number 38637


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North Carolina State University

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  • United States of America