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Structural and Chemical Dynamics of Pyridinic-Nitrogen Defects in Graphene

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posted on 11.11.2015, 00:00 authored by Yung-Chang Lin, Po-Yuan Teng, Chao-Hui Yeh, Masanori Koshino, Po-Wen Chiu, Kazu Suenaga
High density and controllable nitrogen doping in graphene is a critical issue to realize high performance graphene-based devices. In this paper, we demonstrate an efficient method to selectively produce graphitic-N and pyridinic-N defects in graphene by using the mixture plasma of ozone and nitrogen. The atomic structure, electronic structure, and dynamic behavior of these nitrogen defects are systematically studied at the atomic level by using a scanning transmission electron microscopy. The pyridinic-N exhibits higher chemical activity and tends to trap a series of transition metal atoms (Mg, Al, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, and Fe) as individual atoms.