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Hydrophobic Ionic Liquid Gel-Based Triboelectric Nanogenerator: Next Generation of Ultrastable, Flexible, and Transparent Power Sources for Sustainable Electronics

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posted on 2020-03-17, 15:03 authored by Pinlei Lv, Lei Shi, Chengyu Fan, Yiyang Gao, Aijun Yang, Xiaohua Wang, Shujiang Ding, Mingzhe Rong
Wearable devices have become a research hotspot due to their prospective applications in wireless sensor networks and the Internet of Things. However, these technologies demand the generation of new power sources, which are efficient, flexible, sustainable, and stable. Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs), as a new type of power supply, have been widely studied for environmental energy harvesting and self-powered sensing; however, they have vastly limited stretchability, flexibility, and stability. For the first time, we report a single-electrode TENG based on hydrophobic ionic liquid gel, which is simultaneously transparent (average transmittance of 89% for visible light), stretchable (400%), and has super-stabilityup to 3 months in various weather conditions (from −25 to +60 °C and humidity up to 80%). This TENG was used to power a vast range of flexible electronics, including 30 green light-emitting diodes (LEDs), an arch-shaped finger-bending sensor, and a transparent keyboard. This work provides a creative platform to access the next-generation sustainable wearable electronics.