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Dispersion Property and Evolution of Second Harmonic Generation Pattern in Type‑I and Type-II van der Waals Heterostructures

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posted on 2021-06-07, 15:06 authored by Chuan He, Ruowei Wu, Mei Qi, Yuanyuan Huang, Yixuan Zhou, Sujuan Zhang, Qiyi Zhao, Xinlong Xu
Dispersion property and second harmonic generation (SHG) pattern of novel two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals heterostructures (vdWHs) is of great significance not only for the characterization of material symmetry but also for understanding nonlinear photophysical phenomena. Herein, we demonstrate the SHG response of 2D type-I (MoTe2/WSe2) and type-II (MoSe2/WSe2) band alignment of vdWHs. In the dispersion relation of the second-order nonlinear coefficient, the pronounced peaks of the d16 element for both vdWHs are mainly contributed by resonance in the interband transition processes, whereas other elements are derived from the intraband transition processes because of the highly efficient charge transfer from WSe2 to MoTe2 in type-I vdWHs and the ultrafast charge separation between WSe2 and MoSe2 in type-II vdWHs, respectively. Besides, more nonzero nonlinear coefficient elements can participate in a nonlinear response at the oblique incidence, to which special attention needs paid. The polarization angle α-dependent SHG patterns display a rotational fourfold symmetry, whereas the azimuthal angle ϕ-dependent SHG patterns show sixfold symmetry for both type-I and type-II vdWHs at any wavelength under normal incidence. Under oblique incidence, the α-dependent (ϕ-dependent) SHG patterns will reduce to twofold (threefold) symmetry for both vdWHs. The results highlight the potential to deterministically engineer novel nonlinear optical properties for tunable anisotropic applications of nonlinear optoelectronic devices based on vdWHs.