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Construction and Multifunctional Applications of Visible-Light-Excited Multicolor Long Afterglow Carbon Dots/Boron Oxide Composites

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posted on 18.03.2021, 16:36 by Wei He, Xiangying Sun, Xuegong Cao
Compared to ultraviolet light, visible light as an excitation light source has lower phototoxicity and deeper penetrability. This is of importance to explore the application of long afterglow materials with visible light as the excitation wavelength. In this work, multicolor long afterglow materials excited by visible light were prepared by embedding carbon dots (CDs) in boron oxide (B2O3) and the formation of carbon–boron bonds, and the glassy state of B2O3 during the heating process protected the triplet excitons from being quenched, thereby promoting the emission of long afterglow. In addition, some CDs/B2O3 composites show dual-mode afterglow emission with thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) at the same time. These as-designed multicolor CDs/B2O3 composites exhibit a long lifetime of 445.9 ms, a high afterglow quantum efficiency of 17.61%, and high stability. Meanwhile, the afterglow can be observed at room temperature by the naked eye and lasts for several seconds when the visible light is just switched off. These as-obtained CDs/B2O3 composites with visible-light-excited multicolor long afterglow emission have shown potential in reversible ratiometric temperature sensing, latent fingerprint identification, information anticounterfeiting, and encryption.

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