es500169x_si_001.pdf (33.48 kB)
Download file

In Vitro Metabolic Formation of Perfluoroalkyl Sulfonamides from Copolymer Surfactants of Pre- and Post-2002 Scotchgard Fabric Protector Products

Download (33.48 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2014-06-03, 00:00 authored by Shaogang Chu, Robert J. Letcher
Currently there is a scientific debate on whether fluorinated polymers (or copolymers) are a source, as a result of their degradation and subsequent formation, of perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluorinated alkanesulfonates (PFSAs). The present study investigated whether commercially available fluorinated surfactants, such as Scotchgard fabric protector (3M Company), can be metabolically degraded, using a model microsomal in vitro assay (Wistar-Han rats liver microsomes), and with concomitant formation of PFCAs, PFASs, and/or their precursors. The results showed that the main in vitro metabolite from the pre-2002 product was perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA), and coincident with the detection of the major fabric protector components, which contains the N-ethyl-perfluorooctanesulfonyl chemical moiety (C8F17SO2N­(C2H5)−); the main in vitro metabolite of the post-2002 product was perfluorobutane sulfonamide (FBSA), which was coincident with the detection of the major fabric protector components, and contains the N-methyl-perfluorobutanesulfonyl chemical moiety (C4F9SO2N­(CH3)−). FOSA or FBSA metabolite concentrations increased over the 0–60 min microsomal incubation period. However, concentrations of their small molecule precursors such as alkylated FOSAs or FBSAs were not detectable (