Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework Coated ZnO Nanorods as Molecular Sieving to Improve Selectivity of Formaldehyde Gas Sensor
journal contributionposted on 22.12.2015, 00:00 by Hailin Tian, Huiqing Fan, Mengmeng Li, Longtao Ma
Zinc oxide (ZnO) and zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF–8) core–shell heterostructures were obtained by using the self-template strategy where ZnO nanorods not only act as the template, but also provide Zn2+ ions for the formation of ZIF–8 shell. The ZIF–8 shell was uniformly deposited to form ZnO@ZIF–8 nanorods with core–shell heterostructures at 70 °C for 24 h as the optimum reaction time by the hydrothermal synthesis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images revealed that the ZnO@ZIF–8 heterostructures are composed of ZnO as core and ZIF–8 as shell. Nitrogen (N2) sorption isotherms demonstrated that the as-prepared ZnO@ZIF–8 nanorods are a typical microporous material. Additionally, the ZnO@ZIF–8 nanorods sensor exhibited distinct gas response for reducing gases with different molecule sizes. The selectivity of the ZnO@ZIF–8 nanorods sensor was obviously improved for the detection of formaldehyde owing to the limitation effect of the aperture of ZIF–8 shell. This study demonstrated that semiconductor@MOF core–shell heterostructures may be a novel way to enhance the selectivity of the gas sensing materials.