YEATS Domains as Novel Epigenetic Readers: Structures, Functions, and Inhibitor Development
journal contributionposted on 2022-01-18, 21:08 authored by Xin Li, Sha Liu, Xiang Li, Xiang David Li
Interpretation of the histone posttranslational modifications (PTMs) by effector proteins, or readers, is an important epigenetic mechanism to regulate gene function. YEATS domains have been recently identified as novel readers of histone lysine acetylation and a variety of nonacetyl acylation marks. Accumulating evidence has revealed the association of dysregulated interactions between YEATS domains and histone PTMs with human diseases, suggesting the therapeutic potential of YEATS domain inhibition. Here, we discuss the molecular mechanisms adopted by YEATS domains in recognizing their preferred histone marks and the biological significance of such recognitions in normal cell physiology and pathogenesis of human diseases. Recent progress in the development of YEATS domain inhibitors is also discussed.
regulate gene functionnormal cell physiologynonacetyl acylation marksmolecular mechanisms adoptedimportant epigenetic mechanismpreferred histone markshistone posttranslational modificationshistone lysine acetylationyeats domain inhibitorsyeats domain inhibitioninhibitor development interpretationnovel epigenetic readersyeats domainsnovel readershistone ptmstherapeutic potentialrecently identifiedrecent progresshuman diseaseseffector proteinsdysregulated interactionsbiological significancealso discussedaccumulating evidence