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Wide-spectrum antibiotic prophylaxis guarantees optimal outcomes in drowned donor kidney transplantation

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-01-03, 14:00 authored by Xiaoli Lin, Xinyu Liu, Xiaoying Wu, Xishao Xie, Guangjun Liu, Jianyong Wu, Wenhan Peng, Rending Wang, Jianghua Chen, Hongfeng Huang

Drowned victims possibly obtain various pathogens from drowning sites. Using drowned renal donors to expand the donor pool still lacks consensus due to the potential risk of disease transmission.

This retrospective study enrolled 38 drowned donor renal recipients in a large clinical center from August 2012 to February 2021. A 1:2 matched cohort was generated with donor demographics, including age, gender, BMI, and ICU durations. Donor microbiological results, recipient perioperative infections, and early post-transplant and first-year clinical outcomes were analyzed.

Compared to the control group, drowned donors had significantly increased positive fungal cultures (36.84% vs.13.15%, p = 0.039). Recipients in the drowned group had significantly higher rates of gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and multidrug-resistant GNB infections (23.68% vs.5.26%, 18.42% vs. 3.95%, both p < 0.05). Other colonization and infections were also numerically more frequent in the drowned group. Drowned donor recipients receiving inadequate antibiotic prophylaxis had more perioperative bloodstream infections, higher DGF incidences, and more first-year respiratory tract infections and recipient loss than those receiving adequate prophylaxis (all p < 0.05). Clinical outcomes were similar between the adequate group and the control group.

Drowned donors could be suitable options under wide-spectrum and adequate antimicrobial prophylaxis.


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos.82070767, 81770750).