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Synthesis of 2-Aryl-5-styrylphospholes:  Promising Candidates for the Phosphole-Based NLO Chromophores

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journal contribution
posted on 2007-08-03, 00:00 authored by Yoshihiro Matano, Tooru Miyajima, Hiroshi Imahori, Yoshifumi Kimura
2-Aryl-1-phenyl-5-styrylphospholes were prepared in good yields in a one-pot procedure from the corresponding 1,9-diarylnona-8-ene-1,6-diynes and dichloro(phenyl)phosphine via intermediary titanacyclopentadienes. According to the UV−vis absorption and fluorescence spectra of this class of compounds, the optical properties of the phosphole−vinylene-bridged π-conjugated system have been revealed to depend strongly on the electronic character of the terminal functionalities. In particular, the polarizability at the excited-state has been found to be considerably greater than that in the ground state. High molecular hyperpolarizabilities obtained for the push−pull type of 2-aryl-5-styrylphospholes in the hyper-Rayleigh scattering measurements demonstrate the potential utility of the stilbene-type phosphole derivatives as a new class of second-order NLO chromophores.