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Synthesis, Structure, and Optical Properties of Antiperovskite-Derived Ba2MQ3X (M = As, Sb; Q = S, Se; X = Cl, Br, I) Chalcohalides

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journal contribution
posted on 08.01.2018, 15:53 by Ruiqi Wang, Xian Zhang, Jianqiao He, Kejun Bu, Chong Zheng, Jianhua Lin, Fuqiang Huang
Six isostructural antiperovskite-derived chalcohalides, Ba2MQ3X (M = As, Sb; Q = S, Se; X = Cl, Br, I), crystallizing in the space group Pnma, have been synthesized by solid-state reactions. The crystal structure features a 3D framework with the [XBa5]9+ disordered square pyramids as building blocks and [MQ3]3– units filling the interspace. [XBa5]9+ disordered square pyramids are edge-sharing along [010], derived from the fusing of the two pyramids in octahedral [XBa6]11+. Surprisingly, Ba2AsS3X (X = Cl, Br, I) show almost the same optical band gap of 2.80 eV, and Ba2AsSe3X (X = Br, I) also have a similar band gap of 2.28 eV. The optical band gap of Ba2SbS3I is 2.64 eV. First-principles calculations reveal that the optical absorption is attributed to the transitions between Q np at the valence band maximum (VBM) and M np–Q np at the conduction band minimum (CBM). These compounds also possess interesting photoluminescence properties with splitting emission peaks on excitation at 200 nm.