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Surface Modification of Luminescent Lanthanide Phosphate Nanorods with Cationic “Quat-primer” Polymers

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journal contribution
posted on 16.08.2011, 00:00 by Rajesh Komban, Ralph Beckmann, Sebastian Rode, Sachar Ichilmann, Angelika Kühnle, Uwe Beginn, Markus Haase
“Quat-primer” polymers bearing cationic groups were investigated as a surface modifier for Tb-doped cerium phosphate green-emitting fluorescent nanorods (NRs). The NRs were synthesized by a microwave process without using any complex agents or ligands and were characterized with different analytical tools such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and fluorescence spectroscopy. Poly(ethyleneimine) partially quarternized with glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride was synthesized separately and characterized in detail. 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic studies revealed that the quaternary ammonium group was covalently attached to the polymer. UV–vis spectroscopy was used to examine the stability of the colloidal dispersions of the bare NRs as well as the modified NRs. ζ potential, thermogravimetric analysis, and atomic force microscopy studies were carried out to confirm that the positively charged Quat-primer polymer is adsorbed on the negatively charged surface of the NRs, which results in high dispersion stability. Emission spectra of the modified NRs indicated that there was no interference of the Quat-primer polymer with the fluorescence behavior.