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Supplementary Table S2 from A Novel Sulforaphane-Regulated Gene Network in Suppression of Breast Cancer–Induced Osteolytic Bone Resorption

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 18:28 authored by Subrata K. Pore, Eun-Ryeong Hahm, Su-Hyeong Kim, Krishna B. Singh, Lea Nyiranshuti, Joseph D. Latoche, Carolyn J. Anderson, Juraj Adamik, Deborah L. Galson, Kurt R. Weiss, Rebecca J. Watters, Boeun Lee, Prashant N. Kumta, Shivendra V. Singh

Consensus binding sequences for transcription factors


Hillman Foundation Pilot grant


National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases



Bone is the most preferred site for colonization of metastatic breast cancer cells for each subtype of the disease. The standard of therapeutic care for breast cancer patients with bone metastasis includes bisphosphonates (e.g., zoledronic acid), which have poor oral bioavailability, and a humanized antibody (denosumab). However, these therapies are palliative, and a subset of patients still develop new bone lesions and/or experience serious adverse effects. Therefore, a safe and orally bioavailable intervention for therapy of osteolytic bone resorption is still a clinically unmet need. This study demonstrates suppression of breast cancer–induced bone resorption by a small molecule (sulforaphane, SFN) that is safe clinically and orally bioavailable. In vitro osteoclast differentiation was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner upon addition of conditioned media from SFN-treated breast cancer cells representative of different subtypes. Targeted microarrays coupled with interrogation of The Cancer Genome Atlas data set revealed a novel SFN-regulated gene signature involving cross-regulation of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and nuclear factor-κB and their downstream effectors. Both RUNX2 and p65/p50 expression were higher in human breast cancer tissues compared with normal mammary tissues. RUNX2 was recruited at the promotor of NFKB1. Inhibition of osteoclast differentiation by SFN was augmented by doxycycline-inducible stable knockdown of RUNX2. Oral SFN administration significantly increased the percentage of bone volume/total volume of affected bones in the intracardiac MDA-MB-231-Luc model indicating in vivo suppression of osteolytic bone resorption by SFN. These results indicate that SFN is a novel inhibitor of breast cancer–induced osteolytic bone resorption in vitro and in vivo.

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    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics