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Strong, Multifaceted Guanidinium-Based Adhesion of Bioorganic Nanoparticles to Wet Biological Tissue

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-09-08, 17:05 authored by Lam Tan Hao, Sohee Park, Seunghwan Choy, Young-Min Kim, Seung-Woo Lee, Yong Sik Ok, Jun Mo Koo, Sung Yeon Hwang, Dong Soo Hwang, Jeyoung Park, Dongyeop X. Oh
Gluing dynamic, wet biological tissue is important in injury treatment yet difficult to achieve. Polymeric adhesives are inconvenient to handle due to rapid cross-linking and can raise biocompatibility concerns. Inorganic nanoparticles adhere weakly to wet surfaces. Herein, an aqueous suspension of guanidinium-functionalized chitin nanoparticles as a biomedical adhesive with biocompatible, hemostatic, and antibacterial properties is developed. It glues porcine skin up to 3000-fold more strongly (30 kPa) than inorganic nanoparticles at the same concentration and adheres at neutral pH, which is unachievable with mussel-inspired adhesives alone. The glue exhibits an instant adhesion (2 min) to fully wet surfaces, and the glued assembly endures one-week underwater immersion. The suspension is lowly viscous and stable, hence sprayable and convenient to store. A nanomechanic study reveals that guanidinium moieties are chaotropic, creating strong, multifaceted noncovalent bonds with proteins: salt bridges comprising ionic attraction and bidentate hydrogen bonding with acidic moieties, cation−π interactions with aromatic moieties, and hydrophobic interactions. The adhesion mechanism provides a blueprint for advanced tissue adhesives.