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Stereoselective Total Synthesis of (+)-Aristolactam GI

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-04-11, 00:00 authored by Tuan M. Luong, Lisa I. Pilkington, David Barker
Aristolactams are an important subgroup of aporphinoids, which all share a common phenanthrene chromophore motif that is thought to be responsible for the range of interesting physicochemical and biological properties exhibited by these compounds. Among all of the aristolactams discovered, (+)-aristolactam GI displays a unique structural feature of having the aristolactam scaffold linked via a benzodioxane ring to a phenyl propanoid unit, resulting in the compound being an aporphinoid–lignan hybrid. The synthesis of (+)-aristolactam GI was achieved first by synthesis of an orthogonally protected aristolactam, which was prepared using a Suzuki/aldol cascade to convert a differentially protected isoindolin-1-one to the required phenanthrene. The required enantiopure phenyl propanoid unit was prepared from readily available (R)-methyl lactate. A selective Mitsunobu reaction was used to combine these two key fragments, prior to the formation of the linking benzodioxane in the final step. The absolute stereochemistry of the natural product was confirmed to be 7′S, 8′S.