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Single Platform for Gene and Protein Expression Analyses Using Luminescent Gold Nanoclusters

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-02-21, 13:04 authored by Sunil Kumar Sailapu, Deepanjalee Dutta, Amaresh Kumar Sahoo, Siddhartha Sankar Ghosh, Arun Chattopadhyay
A single platform for gene and protein expression studies is proposed to pursue rapid diagnostics. A common method to synthesize gold (Au) nanoclusters on both DNA and protein template was developed using a benchtop device. The method of synthesis is rapid and versatile and can be applied to different classes of DNA/protein. Employing luminescent Au nanoclusters as the signal-generating agents, the device enables carrying out reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and array-based analyses of multiple genes/proteins simultaneously using switchable holders and custom-designed software. The device and methods were applied to evaluate gene profiling related to apoptosis in HeLa cancer cells and further to analyze the protein expressions of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and GST-tagged human granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GST-hGMCSF) recombinant proteins purified from bacterial strains of BL21­(DE3) Escherichia coli (E. coli). The device with user-friendly methods for diagnosis using the luminescence of Au nanoclusters offers potential use in disease diagnostics with a vision to extend health care facilities especially to remote geographical locations.