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Self-Assembly of Hollow Cones in a Bola-amphiphile/Hexadiamine Salt Solution

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journal contribution
posted on 2005-11-16, 00:00 authored by Jean-Paul Douliez
Cones are a very rare form of supramolecular self-assembly. It is shown that mixing of an unsymmetrical bola-fatty acid and a diamine (catanionic system) in dilute solutions can produce aggregates having a conical shape. These assemblies are made of frozen unsymmetrical monolayers in which bolas are arranged on a regular hexagonal lattice. Cones are stabilized by the introduction of pentagonal or n-gonal defects in the bola-lattice which yields the quantification of the cone apex angle according to the Euler theorems. The formation of cones represents a novel route for lipid and surfactant systems to minimize the edge energy of a flat membrane.