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Self-Assembled Monolayers Derived from Alkoxyphenylethanethiols Having One, Two, and Three Pendant Chains

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journal contribution
posted on 16.08.2011, 00:00 by Supachai Rittikulsittichai, Andrew C. Jamison, T. Randall Lee
This article describes the design, synthesis, and study of alkoxyphenylethanethiol-based adsorbates with one (R1ArMT), two (R2ArMT), and three (R3ArMT) pendant octadecyloxy chains substituted at the 4-, 3,5-, and 3,4,5-positions, respectively, of the phenylethanethiol group. These adsorbates are being developed for use in the preparation of compositionally versatile “mixed” self-assembled monolayer (SAM) coatings. The resultant SAMs were characterized by ellipsometry, contact angle goniometry, polarization modulation infrared reflection–absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The studies revealed that R1ArMT generates a well-ordered monolayer film, while R2ArMT and R3ArMT generate monolayer films with diminished conformational order in which the degree of crystallinity decreases as follows: C18R1ArMT > R3ArMT > R2ArMT. In addition, comparison of the molecular and chain packing densities of SAMs derived from these new adsorbates reveals that the R2ArMT and R3ArMT adsorbates give rise to SAMs with reduced chain tilt and smaller surface area per chain when compared to the SAMs derived from C18 and R1ArMT.