Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx with H2 for Cleaning Exhausts of Hydrogen Engines: Impact of H2O, O2, and NO/H2 Ratio
journal contributionposted on 14.01.2021, 17:06 by Michael Borchers, Kevin Keller, Patrick Lott, Olaf Deutschmann
A key concept for hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engines is reducing NOx emissions with direct H2-SCR. Besides platinum as an active noble metal component, palladium-based catalysts are attractive for NO reduction with high selectivity. However, reliability of the catalytic activity in the presence of water with persistently low side product formation remains challenging. Therefore, a monolithic 1%Pd/5%V2O5/20%TiO2-Al2O3 model catalyst is studied extensively under different conditions, showing that NOx conversion remains high even in the presence of 5% water, maintaining over 65% selectivity toward N2. Additionally, the catalyst remained active in a long-term experiment over 12 h in the absence and presence of water with an NO conversion over 45%. Finally, steady-state measurements and a kinetic analysis reveal overall concentration dependencies alongside trends of the reduction reaction competing with the hydrogen combustion reaction.