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Scalable Synthesis of Biodegradable Black Mesoporous Silicon Nanoparticles for Highly Efficient Photothermal Therapy

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journal contribution
posted on 15.06.2018, 00:00 by Wujun Xu, Konstantin Tamarov, Li Fan, Sari Granroth, Jimi Rantanen, Tuomo Nissinen, Sirpa Peräniemi, Oskari Uski, Maija-Riitta Hirvonen, Vesa-Pekka Lehto
Porous silicon (PSi) has attracted wide interest as a potential material for various fields of nanomedicine. However, until now, the application of PSi in photothermal therapy has not been successful due to its low photothermal conversion efficiency. In the present study, biodegradable black PSi (BPSi) nanoparticles were designed and prepared via a high-yield and simple reaction. The PSi nanoparticles possessed a low band gap of 1.34 eV, a high extinction coefficient of 13.2 L/g/cm at 808 nm, a high photothermal conversion efficiency of 33.6%, good photostability, and a large surface area. The nanoparticles had not only excellent photothermal properties surpassing most of the present inorganic photothermal conversion agents (PCAs) but they also displayed good biodegradability, a common problem encountered with the inorganic PCAs. The functionality of the BPSi nanoparticles in photothermal therapy was verified in tumor-bearing mice in vivo. These results showed clearly that the photothermal treatment was highly efficient to inhibit tumor growth. The designed PCA material of BPSi is robust, easy to prepare, biocompatible, and therapeutically extremely efficient and it can be integrated with several other functionalities on the basis of simple silicon chemistry.