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Rotating Magnetocaloric Effect in an Anisotropic Two-Dimensional CuII[WV(CN)8]3– Molecular Magnet with Topological Phase Transition: Experiment and Theory

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journal contribution
posted on 15.09.2017, 19:49 by Piotr Konieczny, Robert Pełka, Dominik Czernia, Robert Podgajny
Conventional (MCE) and rotating (RMCE) magnetocaloric effects have been explored in the two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymer {(tetren)­H5)0.8CuII4[WV(CN)8]4·7.2H2O}n (WCu-t; tetren = tetraethylenepentamine). The unusual magnetostructural properties were exploited, including the bilayered Prussian Blue like coordination skeleton and the XY easy-plane magnetic anisotropy based on the in-plane correlation between WV and CuII spins of 1/2, underlying the Berezinskii–Kosterlitz–Thouless (BKT) topological phase transition to the long-range-ordered state at TC = 33 K. The magnetic properties were studied on single crystals along the Hac easy plane and Hb hard axis. The maximal entropy change for MCE for easy-plane geometry at 38.0 K and the magnetic field change μ0ΔH = 7.0 T reached ∼4.01 J K–1 kg–1. The strong magnetic anisotropy was used to study the RMCE in which the maximal entropy change was observed at 35.5 K for 7.0 T, attaining 1.81 J K–1 kg–1. Moreover, easy-plane anisotropy introduces the inverse magnetocaloric effect for Hb, which enhances the RMCE by up to 47%. This observation was confirmed by a theoretical investigation considering the XY model using a molecular field and cluster variational method in the pair approximation approach, dedicated to the bilayered systems with the adequate nearest neighbor number z = 5 and spin S = 1/2.