Ricicomin A, a new alkaloid from the leaves of Ricinus communis Linn
From the leaves of Ricinus communis Linn., one new alkaloid, named ricicomin A (1) together with three known ones, ricinine (2), N-demethylricinine (3) and 4-[2-formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]butanoic acid (4) were justified by repeated chromatographic methods. Their structures were determined by comprehensive IR, HR-ESI-MS and NMR analyses. Compound 4 was identified for the first time from the genus Ricinus. DFT-NMR chemical shift calculations and subsequent DP4+ probability methods were applied to confirm the chemical structure of 1. Compounds 1–3 did not display cytotoxic effect against three human cancer cell lines (MCF-7, HepG2 and HeLa) using SRB assay.