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Rhodocomatulin-Type Anthraquinones from the Australian Marine Invertebrates Clathria hirsuta and Comatula rotalaria

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posted on 05.04.2016, 11:34 authored by Shahan Khokhar, Gregory K. Pierens, John N. A. Hooper, Merrick G. Ekins, Yunjiang Feng, Rohan A. Davis
Chemical investigations of an Australian sponge, Clathria hirsuta, from the Great Barrier Reef, have resulted in the isolation of two known anthraquinones, rhodocomatulin 5,7-dimethyl ether (1) and rhodocomatulin 7-methyl ether (2). Additionally, four new anthraquinone metabolites, 6-methoxy­rhodocomatulin 7-methyl ether, 3-bromo-6-methoxy-12-desethyl­rhodocomatulin 7-methyl ether, 3-bromo-6-methoxy­rhodocomatulin 7-methyl ether, and 3-bromo­rhodocomatulin 7-methyl ether (36), were also isolated and characterized. This is the first report of the rhodocomatulin-type anthraquinones from a marine sponge, as 1 and 2 were previously isolated from the marine crinoid genus Comatula. An additional chemical investigation of the marine crinoid Comatula rotalaria enabled the isolation of further quantities of 1 and 2, as well as two additional new crinoid metabolites, 12-desethyl­rhodocomatulin 5,7-dimethyl ether and 12-desethyl­rhodocomatulin 7-methyl ether (7 and 8). An NMR spectroscopic analysis of compounds 7 and 8 provided further insight into the rhodocomatulin planar structure and, together with the successful implementation of DFT-NMR calculations, confirmed that the rhodocomatulin metabolites existed as para rather than ortho quinones.