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Regiospecific and Stereoselective Syntheses of (±) Morphine, Codeine, and Thebaine via a Highly Stereocontrolled Intramolecular 4 + 2 Cycloaddition Leading to a Phenanthrofuran System

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journal contribution
posted on 19.08.2009, 00:00 by Gilbert Stork, Ayako Yamashita, Julian Adams, Gary R. Schulte, Richard Chesworth, Yoji Miyazaki, Jay J. Farmer
Total syntheses of the morphine alkaloids are described that use a direct stereoselective formation of the phenanthrofuran system via an intramolecular 4 + 2 cycloaddition of a diene tethered to the 4-position of a 7-methoxybenzofuran-3-carboxylic acid ester.