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Reduced Auger Coefficient through Efficient Carrier Capture and Improved Radiative Efficiency from the Broadband Optical Cavity: A Mechanism for Potential Droop Mitigation in InGaN/GaN LEDs

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-03-09, 17:08 authored by Tarni Aggarwal, Ankit Udai, Pratim K. Saha, Swaroop Ganguly, Pallab Bhattacharya, Dipankar Saha
Efficiency droop at high carrier-injection regimes is a matter of concern in InGaN/GaN quantum-confined heterostructure-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Processes such as Shockley–Reed–Hall and Auger recombinations, electron–hole wavefunction separation from polarization charges, carrier leakage, and current crowding are identified as the primary contributors to efficiency droop. Auger recombination is a critical contributor owing to its cubic dependence on carrier density, which can not be circumvented using an advanced physical layout. Here, we demonstrate a potential solution through the positive effects from an optical cavity in suppressing the Auger recombination rate. Besides the phenomenon being fundamentally important, the advantages are technologically essential. The observations are manifested by the ultrafast transient absorption pump-probe spectroscopy performed on an InGaN/GaN-based multi-quantum well heterostructure with external DBR mirrors of varying optical confinement. The optical confinement modulates the nonlinear carrier and photon dynamics and alters the rate of dominant recombination mechanisms in the heterostructure. The carrier capture rate is observed to be increasing, and the polarization field is reducing in the presence of optical feedback. Reduced polarization increases the effective bandgap, resulting in the suppression of the Auger coefficient. Superluminescent behavior along with enhanced spectral purity in the emission spectra in presence of optical confinement is also demonstrated. The improvement is beyond the conventional Purcell effect observed for the quantum-confined systems.

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