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Quantitative Mass Spectrometry-based Proteomics Reveals the Dynamic Range of Primary Mouse Astrocyte Protein Secretion

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journal contribution
posted on 07.05.2010, 00:00 by Todd M. Greco, Steven H. Seeholzer, Adrian Mak, Lynn Spruce, Harry Ischiropoulos
Growing appreciation for astrocytes as active participants in nervous system development, neurovascular metabolic coupling, and neurological disease progression has stimulated recent investigation into specific astrocyte-secreted proteins that may mediate these functions. The current work utilized SILAC-generated isotope reference proteomes to quantify relative protein abundances between the astrocyte proteome and secretome. Multidimensional GeLC−MS/MS analysis of astrocyte conditioned media and cell lysates resulted in the relative quantification of 516 proteins, 92 of which were greater than 1.5-fold enriched in astrocyte-conditioned media (ACM). Eighty of the ACM-enriched proteins had N-terminal signal peptides, comprising well-known classically secreted proteins, such as apolipoprotein E and SPARC, and several cathepsins that localize to endosomal/lysosomal compartments. The remaining twelve ACM-enriched proteins, such as vimentin, ferritins, and histones, lacked N-terminal signal peptides. Also, 47 proteins contained predicted N-terminal signal peptides but were not enriched in ACM (<1.5-fold), 25 of which were localized to ER, Golgi, or mitochondria membrane-bound compartments. Overall, by combining quantitative proteomics with subcellular localization prediction, an informative description of protein distribution can be obtained, providing insights into protein secretion.