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Quantification of economically feasible mitigation potential from agriculture, forestry and other land uses in Mexico

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-12-07, 08:20 authored by Tek B. Sapkota, Kyle M. Dittmer, Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio, Gokul Prasad Mathivanan, Kai Sonder, Juan Carlos Leyva, Miguel Angel Garcia, Diana Ysimoto Monroy, Sadie Shelton, Eva Wollenberg

Countries often lack methods for rapidly, but robustly determining greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation actions and their impacts comprehensively in the land use sector to support commitments to the Paris Agreement. We present rapid assessment methods based on easily available spatial data and adoption costs for mitigation related to crops, livestock and forestry to identify priority locations and actions. Applying the methods for the case of Mexico, we found a national mitigation potential of 87.88 million tons (Mt) CO2eq yr−1, comprising 7.91, 7.66 and 72.31 Mt CO2eq yr−1 from crops, livestock and forestry/agro-forestry, respectively. At the state level, mitigation potentials were highest in Chiapas (13 Mt CO2eq) followed by Campeche (8 Mt CO2eq). Eleven states had a land use mitigation potential between 2.5 to 6.5 Mt CO2eq, while other states had mitigation potentials of less than 2 Mt CO2eq. Mitigation options for crops and livestock could reduce 60% and 6% of the respective emissions. Mitigation options for forestry could reduce emissions by half. If properly implemented, mitigation potentials on cropland can be realized with net benefits, compared to livestock and forestry options, which involve net costs. The method supports science-based priority setting of mitigation actions by location and subsector and should help inform future policy and implementation of countries’ nationally determined contributions.


This work was funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service (Award number: FX19TA-10960R003) and US Agency for International Development (USAID). This work was implemented jointly by University of Vermont and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), which is carried out with support from the CGIAR Trust Fund and through bilateral funding agreements. For details please visit The views expressed in this document cannot be taken to reflect the official opinions of these organizations.


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