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Quantification of Total Vitamin-D-Binding Protein and the Glycosylated Isoforms by Liquid Chromatography–Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry

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journal contribution
posted on 09.10.2017, 00:00 by Lisa E. Kilpatrick, Karen W. Phinney
Vitamin-D-binding protein (VDBP), a transporter of 25-hydroxyvitamin D metabolites, has three common isoforms. The relationship of the isoforms and their glycosylation state with various diseases has been under recent examination. In this work, liquid chromatography coupled to isotope dilution mass spectrometry was evaluated for quantification of VDBP, the three common isoforms, and total glycosylation. Protocols using guanidine, urea, RapiGest, trifluoroethanol, or tris buffer were also evaluated for optimal tryptic digestion. Differences in peptide release were detected between purified and plasma VDBP; however, for both protein sources, ELP­EHTVK, TSALSAK, and VLEPTLK concentrations were reproducible between most protocols tested. The isoform-specific peptides, LPDATPK, LPD­ATP­TEL­AK, and LPEA­TPTE­LAK, were optimally released when TFE was added to plasma. The total VDBP concentration calculated from the three shared peptides resulted in 97.6% accuracy compared with the concentration from amino acid analysis. Glycosylation of VDBP was also calculated for purified protein and donor samples using the ratio of the isoform-specific peptide(s) to the total protein concentration. Glycosylation of purified VDBP was found to be 99.5–111.1% the value determined by semiquantitative analysis of the intact protein by LC–MS. This approach may be used to quantify other samples containing a mixture of isoforms and post-translational modifications.