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Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation on ZnCoMo and NiCoMo Catalysts Obtained from ϕy and ϕx Precursors

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journal contribution
posted on 2013-04-24, 00:00 authored by Juliana Velasquez, Adriana Echavarria, Arnaldo Faro, Luz A. Palacio
The synthesis and characterization of trimetallic oxides of the type MCo–Mo (with M = Ni or Zn) in both ϕy- and ϕx-type phases (depending on the compensation ion) is described. The materials were calcined at 673 K to obtain mixed oxides with surface areas between 27 and 32 m2 g–1 that were found to be nonstoichiometric. The catalysts were tested in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane at moderate temperature (673 K). It was found that precursors with a ϕy-type phase provide higher catalytic performance than those obtained as ϕx-type materials, which could be related to the higher suface area and better reducibility properties of the former. The influence of Ni on the catalytic performance was found to be positive in the two types of structures compared to the undoped CoMo catalysts. On the other hand, Zn introduction had a negative effect on the intrinsic reaction rate for both ϕy- and ϕx-derived catalysts. The NiCoMoϕy400 catalyst exhibited the best performance; thus, further tests were performed with this catalyst at a lower space velocity, and a higher propene yield was obtained. The NiCoMoϕy400 catalyst exhibited good stability after being used for 24 h. The yields achieved were around 5%, which is a good result compared with similar systems described in the literature.