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Preparation of Size-Controlled Monodisperse Colloidal Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles and Fabrication of Colloidal Crystals

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journal contribution
posted on 13.05.2014, 00:00 by Eisuke Yamamoto, Masaki Kitahara, Takuya Tsumura, Kazuyuki Kuroda
Although mesoporous silica particles are useful building blocks for colloidal crystals, mesoporous silica nanoparticles smaller than 100 nm with sufficient monodispersity and colloidal stability to enable thermodynamic assemblies have not been reported. Here, we report that highly monodisperse colloidal mesoporous silica nanoparticles (CMS) can be prepared by combining the preparation of colloidal mesoporous silica nanoparticles with a shortened nucleation time. The nanoparticles exhibited a uniform shape and relatively smooth surface because an undesirable aggregate dispersion process was avoided. In addition, the diameter of the nanoparticles was controlled by seed-growth without spontaneous nucleation, which enabled the investigation of fundamental CMS properties. Using monodisperse CMS, the dependence of the ζ-potential of CMS on the diameter was revealed. Colloidal crystals composed of mesoporous silica nanoparticles were fabricated by drying the colloidal solution. This is the first report regarding the fabrication of colloidal crystals composed of mesoporous silica nanoparticles with a small particle size.