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Preparation, characterization, and pharmacodynamics of insulin-loaded fumaryl diketopiperazine microparticle dry powder inhalation

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-07-01, 09:43 authored by Yun Xia, Yipeng Su, Qiyue Wang, Chen Yang, Baoqiang Tang, Yue Zhang, Jiasheng Tu, Yan Shen

Purpose: With the increase of population aging and the proportion of overweight and obese, a growing number of people are suffering from diabetes. Insulin (INS) as the most widely used hypoglycemic agent was always chosen as the most effective treatment method of diabetes. In this study, fumaryl diketopiperazine (FDKP) was used as a carrier for the pulmonary delivery of insulin.

Patients and methods: The INS-loaded FDKP microspheres (INS@FDKP-MPs) were prepared by spray drying and physicochemical properties (drug loading, particle size, flowability, moisture content, morphology, and crystalline state) were further investigated. Pharmacodynamics was investigated on diabetic model rats administrated by intratracheal insufflation.

Results: The INS-loaded FDKP microspheres show satisfied flowability and in vitro deposition with FPF 50.2% and MMAD 3.45± 0.13 μm, and the blood glucose level was significantly decreased. Moreover, no inflammatory reaction was observed during the safety study.

Conclusion: To sum up, the aim was to develop a non-injection system for insulin, INS@FDKP-MPs powder inhalation with high dose, low toxicity, and good lung deposition inhalation could rapidly decrease the blood glucose level without immune stimulation, which shows remarkably potential on diabetes treatment by pulmonary delivery route.


This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (No. 2017ZX09101001-005-003), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81501579) and (No. 81673364), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20150702), the Science and Technology Development Fund of Nanjing Medical University (2016NJMU105), the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions and the Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (KYCX17_0674).