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Polychlorinated biphenyls and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans in imported canned fish in Nigeria and risk assessment

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posted on 2022-10-21, 10:40 authored by Obehi L. Afolabi, Chukwujindu M. A. Iwegbue, Grace Obi, Godswill O. Tesi, Godwin E. Nwajei, Bice S. Martincigh

Concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs) were measured in imported canned fish such as mackerel, sardine and tuna to evaluate the risk relating to human consumption of these products. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to evaluate the concentrations of PCBs and PCDD/Fs in the samples. The 28 PCB concentrations in the canned mackerel, tuna and sardine ranged from 0.33 to 9.48 ng g −1, −1 and −1, respectively, while the 14 PCDD/Fs concentrations varied from 0.06 to 4.70 ng g−1 for mackerel, 0.72 to 9.43 ng g−1 for tuna and not detected to 22.0 ng g −1 for sardines. Health risk analysis suggests that ingestion of these samples could lead to adverse non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks over a lifetime.


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