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Photocatalytic Degradation of RhB by Fluorinated Bi2WO6 and Distributions of the Intermediate Products

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journal contribution
posted on 15.03.2008, 00:00 by Hongbo Fu, Shicheng Zhang, Tongguang Xu, Yongfa Zhu, Jianmin Chen
Fluorinated Bi2WO6 catalyst was synthesized by a simple hydrothermal process. The effects of fluorine doping on crystal structure, optical property, photoinduced hydrophilicity, surface acidity, and photocatalytic activity of the as-prepared sample were observed in detail. Fluorinated Bi2WO6 presented the enhanced photoactivity for the RhB degradation under the simulative sunlight (λ > 290 nm), which could be a synergetic effect of the surface fluorination and the doping of crystal lattice. To get a better handle on the mechanistic details of this photocatalytic system, the photodegradation process of RhB was examined. In the fluorinated Bi2WO6 system, five intermediates, namely, N,N-diethyl-N′-ethylrhodamine, N,N-diethylrohodamine, N-ethyl-N′-ethylrhodamine, N-ethylrhodamine, and rhodamine were thus identified, whereas the first three intermediates could only be identified in the case of the Bi2WO6 system. This result indicated that more RhB molecules were degraded via the deethylation process in the fluorinated Bi2WO6 system. It was proposed that the F-containing function on the catalyst surface could serve as an electron-trapping site and enhance interfacial electron-transfer rates by tightly holding trapped electrons. On the basis of the experimental results, a photocatalytic mechanism was discussed in detail.