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Palladium-Catalyzed C–H/C–H Cross-Coupling by Mechanochemistry: Direct Alkenylation and Heteroarylation of N1-Protected 1H‑Indazoles

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journal contribution
posted on 23.12.2019, 20:36 by Jingbo Yu, Xinjie Yang, Chongyang Wu, Weike Su
C3-alkenylated and C3-(hetero)­arylated 1H-indazoles are privileged structural motifs in numerous pharmaceuticals. Direct C3-alkenylation and C3-(hetero)­arylation of 1H-indazoles have been significantly challenging because of the inert nature of this carbon center. Herein, we present an efficient mechanochemical strategy for palladium-catalyzed C–H/C–H cross-coupling to construct C3-alkenylated and C3-heteroarylated 1H-indazoles using low-cost copper oxidants with satisfactory product yields and broad functional group tolerance. The robustness of the developed protocols was further demonstrated by the unprecedented total mechanosynthesis of the intermediate of PLK4 inhibitor CFI-400945 and HIF-1α inhibitor YC-1.