PEDOT:PSS/Polyacrylamide Nanoweb: Highly Reliable Soft Conductors with Swelling Resistance
journal contributionposted on 2019-02-21, 00:00 authored by Gwang Mook Choi, Seung-Min Lim, Yoo-Yong Lee, Seol-Min Yi, Young-Joo Lee, Jeong-Yun Sun, Young-Chang Joo
According to the recent growth in interest of human-friendly devices, soft conductors, which are conductive materials with an inherent compliance, must have a low electrical strain sensitivity under large deformation conditions, environmental stability in water, and reliability even for complex and repeated deformation, as well as nontoxic characteristics. In this study, we fabricated a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS)/polyacrylamide nanoweb that satisfies all of the above requirements through a web microstructure with entangled conductive nanofibers. Since the web structure can be deformed through structural alignment, the conductive path is stably maintained during deformation, which makes it highly conductive, electrically stable, and electrically strain insensitive. The tangled nanofibers are composed of PEDOT:PSS as a conductive component and polyacrylamide as a binding material, so it is nontoxic and has the soft properties of the material itself, which can withstand large deformations. Additionally, the material has a good electrical stability against repeated deformation so that the resistance increased by only 13% after a 50% strain was repeated 1000 times. Notably, electrical instabilities such as noise and hysteresis were not evident during the repeated deformations. Finally, the nanoweb has excellent swelling resistance and maintains its mechanical and electrical characteristics in water.