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Noncovalent Interactions in Organic Radicals: Pancake, σ‑Hole, and H‑Bonding in F2HbimDTDA

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-09-16, 09:13 authored by Michelle B. Mills, Harrison K. S. Young, Gabriele Wehrle, Willem R. Verduyn, Xibo Feng, Paul D. Boyle, Pierre Dechambenoit, Erin R. Johnson, Kathryn E. Preuss
The solid-state structure of neutral thiazyl radical 4-[2′-(5,6-difluorobenzimidazolyl)]-1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl (F2H­bim­DTDA) is the result of a combination of structure-directing intermolecular interactions. Pancake bonding of radical molecules leads to stacks of [F2HbimDTDA]2 pairs along [100]. Polarization of the DTDA S atoms creates an area of positive electrostatic potential, forming contacts with electronegative F atoms of a neighboring molecule to define chains along [010]. Importantly, the first observation of H-bonding to DTDA N atoms is reported, with imidazolyl N-H donors. The variety of intermolecular interactions is similar to that observed in the related HbimDTDA, but the resulting solid-state structure of the F2HbimDTDA morphology reported here is quite different. Moreover, computational analysis of the two structures, using a combination of periodic-boundary and finite-molecule calculations, has allowed rationalization of the observed results, indicating that F2HbimDTDA is unlikely to occur in a morphology comparable to that reported for HbimDTDA and revealing σ-hole interactions as the determining factor in the packing of F2HbimDTDA.