Moral thinking across the world:Exploring the influence of personal force and intention in moral dilemma judgements [ Registered Report Stage 1 Protocol]

2020-04-02T08:56:30Z (GMT) by Bence Bago Balazs Aczel Zoltan Kekecs John Protzko Marton Kovacs Tamas Nagy Rink Hoekstra Bence Palfi Alain Quiamzade Alan Mattiassi Alasdair Gordon-Finlayson Alberto Mirisola Alexandra Fleischmann Alexios Arvanitis Anabel Belaus Andree Hartanto Andrej Findor Andrew Thomas Anna Wlodarczyk Anni Sternisko Anthony Lantian Anton Kuhberger Aurélien Graton Bana Bashour Barnaby Dixson B.T. Rutjens Bastian Jaeger Bastien Trémolière Benjamin Becker Benjamin Brown Biljana Gjoneska Biljana Jokić Bill Shi Carlota Batres Carmel Levitan Cecilia Reyna Celine-Justine Matibag Charlotte Hudson Christina Shane-Simpson Christoph Schild Christopher Castille Carmelo Cubillas Daniel Storage Danielle Ochoa Danka Purić Darius-Aurel Frank David Moreau Diego Reinero Don Zhang Dustin Calvillo Elif Burak Elisa Puvia Elizabeth Harris Elke Lange Ennio Bilancini Erica Musser Erin Buchanan Ernest Baskin Evgeniya Hristova Fanny Lalot Farzan Karimi-Malekabadi Fatih Bayrak Fei Xin Fernando Ruiz-Dodobara Francesca Dumančić Gabriela Marcu Gilad Feldman Halil Emre Kocalar Ian Stephen Iris Žeželj Ivy Lau Jackson Lu Jan Röer Jared Celniker Jasper Hidding Jennifer Lenz Jerome Olsen Jin Goh Jordan Wagge Jordane Boudesseul Joris Lammers Gwenaël Kaminski Karolina Ścigała Katarzyna Rybus Kathleen Schmidt Keith Kendrick Kevin Tiede Kim Peters Kimberley Hill Krystian Barzykowski Kyle Susa Laura Stevens-Wilson Lauren Victoria Tunstead Leigh Ann Vaughn Leigh Wilton Ljiljana Lazarević Luis Eudave Luisa Batalha Macyjane Iones Maja Becker Maliki Ghossainy Manyu Li Marietta Papadatou-Pastou Marijke Leliveld Mario Gollwitzer Mariola Paruzel-Czachura Martin Voracek Mathias Twardawski Matúš Adamkovič Maurice Grinberg Mehrad Moeini-Jazani Michael Mensink Michał Białek Michal Parzuchowski Miguel Vadillo Mirjana Tonković Miroslav Sirota Nada Pop-Jordanova Nate Carnes Neil McLatchie Nicholas Owsley Niklas Steffens Onurcan Yilmaz Panagiotis Mitkidis Pavol Kačmár Philip Pärnamets Raluca Szekely-Copîndean Ribeiro M. F. F. Richard Huskey Rizqy Amelia Zein Rockwell Clancy Samuel Lins Sangsuk Yoon Sara Álvarez Solas Sarah Wood Sean Mackinnon Shan Gao Sinan Alper Skye-loren West Stefan Czoschke Stefan Stieger Steve Janssen Sumaya Albalooshi Susann Fiedler Sylwia Adamus Taciano Milfont Thomas Rhys Evans Tiago Jessé Souza de Lima Trent Lynds Tripat Gill Ulf-Dietrich Reips William Chopik Xiaoxiao Zheng Xin Liu Yansong Li Zahir Vally Zoe Magraw-Mickelson Christopher Chartier
ABSTRACT: The study of moral judgements is often centered on moral dilemmas in which options consistent with deontological perspectives (i.e., emphasizing rules, individual rights and duties) are in conflict with options consistent with utilitarian judgements (i.e., following the greater good defined through consequences). In a seminal study of this field, Greene et al. (2009) showed that psychological and situational factors (e.g., the intent of the agent or the presence of physical contact between the agent and the victim) can play an important role in moral dilemma judgements. As their study was conducted with US samples, our knowledge is limited concerning the universality of this effect, in general, and the impact of culture on the situational and psychological factors of moral judgements, in particular. Here, we empirically test the universality of intent and personal force on moral dilemma judgements by testing the replicability of the experiments of Greene et al. on a large (N = X,XXX) and diverse sample across the world. We hypothesize that intent and personal force universally increase the unacceptability of outcome-maximizing harm in these dilemmas, and that the effect is stronger in collectivistic than in individualistic cultures due to cultural differences in emotional processing (guilt, shame, anxiety). The relevance of this exploration to a broad range of policy-making problems is discussed.

ITEMS: Registered Report Stage 1 Protocol