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Molecular Recognition-Based DNA Nanoassemblies on the Surfaces of Nanosized Exosomes

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journal contribution
posted on 23.03.2017, 00:00 by Shuo Wan, Liqin Zhang, Sai Wang, Yuan Liu, Cuichen Wu, Cheng Cui, Hao Sun, Muling Shi, Ying Jiang, Long Li, Liping Qiu, Weihong Tan
Exosomes are membrane-enclosed extracellular vesicles derived from cells, carrying biomolecules that include proteins and nucleic acids for intercellular communication. Owning to their advantages of size, structure, stability, and biocompatibility, exosomes have been used widely as natural nanocarriers for intracellular delivery of theranostic agents. Meanwhile, surface modifications needed to endow exosomes with additional functionalities remain challenging by their small size and the complexity of their membrane surfaces. Current methods have used genetic engineering and chemical conjugation, but these strategies require complex manipulations and have only limited applications. Herein, we present an aptamer-based DNA nanoassemblies on exosome surfaces. This in situ assembly method is based on molecular recognition between DNA aptamers and their exosome surface markers, as well as DNA hybridization chain reaction initiated by an aptamer-chimeric trigger. It further demonstrated selective assembly on target cell-derived exosomes, but not exosomes derived from nontarget cells. The present work shows that DNA nanostructures can successfully be assembled on a nanosized organelle. This approach is useful for exosome modification and functionalization, which is expected to have broad biomedical and bioanalytical applications.

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