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Molecular Glue that Spatiotemporally Turns on Protein–Protein Interactions

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journal contribution
posted on 12.04.2019, 00:00 by Rina Mogaki, Kou Okuro, Ryosuke Ueki, Shinsuke Sando, Takuzo Aida
We developed a dendritic molecular glue PCGlue-NBD that can serve universally to “turn on” protein–protein interactions (PPIs) spatiotemporally. PCGlue-NBD carrying multiple guanidinium ion (Gu+) pendants can adhere strongly to target proteins and cover their surfaces including the PPI interface regions, thereby suppressing PPIs with their receptor proteins. Upon irradiation with UV light, PCGlue-NBD on a target protein is photocleaved at butyrate-substituted nitroveratryloxycarbonyl linkages in the dendrimer framework, so that the multivalency for the adhesion is reduced. Consequently, the guest protein is liberated and becomes eligible for a PPI. We found that hepatocyte growth factor HGF, when mixed with PCGlue-NBD, lost the affinity toward its receptor c-Met. However, upon exposure of the PCGlue-NBD/HGF hybrid to light-emitting diode light (365 nm), the PCGlue-NBD molecules on HGF were photocleaved as described above, so that HGF was liberated and retrieved its intrinsic PPI affinity toward c-Met. The turn-on PPI, thus achieved for HGF and c-Met, leads to cell migration, which can be made spatiotemporally with a millimeter-scale resolution by pointwise irradiation with UV light.