Mixing Thermodynamics of Ternary Block–Random Copolymers Containing a Polyethylene Block
journal contributionposted on 2016-02-19, 12:56 authored by Bryan S. Beckingham, Adam B. Burns, Richard A. Register
The mixing interactions among polyolefins and other hydrocarbon polymers are of strong fundamental and practical interest, especially in mixtures involving the simplest member of the family, polyethylene (E). The present work examines the interaction energy densities between E and random copolymers of styrene and hydrogenated isoprene (SrhI), and between E and random copolymers of vinylcyclohexane and hydrogenated isoprene (VCHrhI), by measuring the order–disorder transition temperatures of near-symmetric E–SrhI and E–VCHrhI diblock–random copolymers. The E–SrhI case is of special interest, since the solubility parameters δ fall in the order δS > δE > δhI; if regular mixing were obeyed, zero interaction energy between E and SrhI could be obtained for a suitable SrhI composition. However, large positive deviations from regular mixing are observed in the E–SrhI system, while smaller but significant negative deviations are observed in the E–VCHrhI system. Notwithstanding these irregularities, a ternary mixing model (“copolymer equation”), using independently determined values of the three component interaction energy densities, provides a good representation (within ≈15%) of the experimental interaction energies.