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Mitochondria-Targeted Chimeric Peptide for Trinitarian Overcoming of Drug Resistance

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journal contribution
posted on 06.09.2016, 00:00 by Kai Han, Jing-Yi Zhu, Hui-Zhen Jia, Shi-Bo Wang, Shi-Ying Li, Xian-Zheng Zhang, He-You Han
In this report, an amphiphilic mitochondria-targeted chimeric peptide-based drug delivery system (DDS) was designed to overcome drug resistance. In vitro studies revealed that chimeric peptide could encapsulate doxorubicin (DOX) with high efficacy and target tumor mitochondria, realizing controlled release of DOX and in situ photodynamic therapy (PDT) in mitochondria. Importantly, reactive oxygen species (ROS) during PDT significantly disrupted mitochondria, leading to a dramatic decrease of intracellular adenosine 5′-triphophate (ATP). As a result, ATP-dependent efflux of DOX was remarkably inhibited. Trinitarian therapeutic strategy was developed to ablation of drug-resistant cells, that is, (1) enhanced cellular uptake of hydrophobic DOX via encapsulation in DDS, (2) combined chemo-/photodynamic therapies, and (3) suppressed generation of intracellular ATP as well as drug efflux via in situ PDT in mitochondria. This trinitarian strategy may open a new window in the fabrication of subcellular organelle destructive DDS in overcoming drug resistance.

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