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Microcavity-Free Broadband Light Outcoupling Enhancement in Flexible Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Nanostructured Transparent Metal–Dielectric Composite Electrodes

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journal contribution
posted on 26.01.2016, 00:00 by Lu-Hai Xu, Qing-Dong Ou, Yan-Qing Li, Yi-Bo Zhang, Xin-Dong Zhao, Heng-Yang Xiang, Jing-De Chen, Lei Zhou, Shuit-Tong Lee, Jian-Xin Tang
Flexible organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) hold great promise for future bendable display and curved lighting applications. One key challenge of high-performance flexible OLEDs is to develop new flexible transparent conductive electrodes with superior mechanical, electrical, and optical properties. Herein, an effective nanostructured metal/dielectric composite electrode on a plastic substrate is reported by combining a quasi-random outcoupling structure for broadband and angle-independent light outcoupling of white emission with an ultrathin metal alloy film for optimum optical transparency, electrical conduction, and mechanical flexibility. The microcavity effect and surface plasmonic loss can be remarkably reduced in white flexible OLEDs, resulting in a substantial increase in the external quantum efficiency and power efficiency to 47.2% and 112.4 lm W–1.