Metabolic Effects of the pksCT Gene on Monascus aurantiacus Li As3.4384 Using Gas Chromatography–Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry-Based Metabolomics
journal contributionposted on 29.01.2016, 00:00 by Zhibing Huang, Shuyun Zhang, Yang Xu, Laisheng Li, Yanping Li
Monascus spp. have been used for the production of natural pigments and bioactive compounds in China for several centuries. Monascus can also produce the mycotoxin citrinin, restricting its use. Disruption of the pksCT gene in Monascus aurantiacus Li AS3.4384 reduces citrinin production capacity of this strain (Monascus PHDS26) by over 98%. However, it is unclear how other metabolites of M. aurantiacus Li AS3.4384 (the wild-type strain) are affected by the pksCT gene. Here, we used metabolomic analyses to compare red yeast rice (RYR) metabolite profiles of the wild-type strain and Monascus PHDS26 at different stages of solid-state fermentation. A total of 18 metabolites forming components within the glycolysis, acetyl-CoA, amino acid, and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle metabolic processes were found to be altered between the wild-type strain and Monascus PHDS26 at different stages of solid-state fermentation. Thus, these findings provide important insights into the metabolic pathways affected by the pksCT gene in M. aurantiacus.