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Magnetic ZIF-8-Based Mimic Multi-enzyme System as a Colorimetric Biosensor for Detection of Aryloxyphenoxypropionate Herbicides

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-09-08, 11:36 authored by Hengyan Ma, Mengya Li, Ting Yu, Hui Zhang, Minghua Xiong, Feng Li
In the present study, a magnetic mimic multi-enzyme system was developed by encapsulating the aryloxyphenoxypropionate (AOPP) herbicide hydrolase QpeH and alcohol oxidase (AOx) in zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) nanocrystals with magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (MNPs) to detect AOPP herbicides. The structural, protein loading capacity and loading ratio, porosity, and magnetic properties of QpeH/AOx@mZIF-8 were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, nitrogen sorption, and vibrating sample magnetometry. An AOPP herbicide colorimetric biosensor made with QpeH/AOx@mZIF-8 had the highest sensitivity toward quizalofop-P-ethyl (QpE) with a limit of detection of 8.2 μM. This system was suitable to detect two other AOPP herbicides, including fenoxaprop-P-ethyl (FpE) and haloxyfop-P-methyl (HpE). The practical application of the biosensor was verified through quantitative analysis of QpE residues in industrial wastewater and field soils. Furthermore, QpeH/AOx@mZIF-8 exhibited excellent long-term storage stability (at least 50 days), easy separation by magnet, and reusability (at least 10 cycles), supporting its promising role in simple and low-cost detection of AOPP herbicides in real environmental samples.