MAG versus PEG: Incorporating a Poly(MAG) Layer to Promote Colloidal Stability of Nucleic Acid/“Click Cluster” Complexes
journal contributionposted on 15.05.2012, 00:00 by Daniel J. Buckwalter, Antons Sizovs, Nilesh P. Ingle, Theresa M. Reineke
Herein, we demonstrate the reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) synthesis of an adamantane-conjugated glycopolymer, poly(2-methacrylamido-2-deoxy glucopyranose) (Ad-pMAG), as a hydrophilic coating to promote colloidal stability of click cluster-pDNA complexes in biological media. The Ad-pMAG is assembled via noncovalent interactions through inclusion complex formation between adamantane (Ad) and the β-cyclodextrin (βCD) core of the click cluster/pDNA and then further assembled with plasmid DNA to form polyplexes. Ad-pMAG incorporation was favorable over Ad-poly(ethylene glycol) (Ad-PEG) due to the enhanced colloidal stability of the click cluster/pDNA polyplex under physiological salt conditions at high N/P ratios. Interestingly, the uptake and reporter gene expression with polyplexes coated with the Ad-pMAG was much lower in HeLa cells than that observed with two glioma cell lines (U87 and U251 cells) in vitro, possibly indicating some delivery specificity.